'''Sir Charles Lyell, 1st Baronet''', (14 November 1797 – 22 February 1875) was a British lawyer and the foremost geologist
of his day. He is best known as the author of ''Principles of Geology
'', which popularized James Hutton
's concepts of Uniformitarianism (science)|uniformitarianism
—the idea that the Earth was shaped by the same processes still in operation today. ''Principles of Geology'' also challenged theories popularized by Georges Cuvier
, which were the most accepted and circulated ideas about geology in England at the time.
[Cannon, Walter F. "The impact of uniformitarianism: two letters from John Herschel to Charles Lyell, 1836–1837." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (1961): 301–314.]
His scientific contributions included an explanation of earthquake
s, the theory of gradual "backed up-building" of volcano
es, and in stratigraphy
the division of the...